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स्वतंत्रता का विलोम शब्द (Swatantra Ka Vilom Shabd): The Opposite of Freedom in Hindi

Understanding opposites (vilom shabd) is fundamental to understanding any language. In Hindi, knowing the antithesis of “swatantra” (स्वतंत्र), which denotes freedom, may help you communicate a larger range of concepts.

Beyond Freedom: Exploring Opposites

The most common antonym for “swatantra” is:

  • Paradh (पराधीनता) refers to reliance or loss of independence when one is dominated by another.

Here are some other options, depending on the specific shade of meaning you want to convey:

  • Gulami (गुलामी) stresses slavery or utter subjugation.
  • Bandhan (बंधन) is the condition of being tied or limited, indicating a lack of freedom of movement or activity.
  • Adhinata (अधीनता) represents subordination or being under someone else’s power.
  • Ashakti (अशक्ति) refers to impotence or incapacity, suggesting a lack of power to act freely.
  • Niyam (नियम): While not the exact opposite, “niyam” refers to laws or restrictions that might restrict freedom in specific situations.

Choosing the Right Antonym

The best opposite depends on the specific context:

  • To express a general lack of freedom, use “paradhीनता” (पराधीनता).
  • Slavery: Choose “gulami” (गुलामी).
  • To restrict mobility, choose “bandhan” (बंधन).
  • To address a lack of authority, use the term “ashakti” (अशक्ति).
  • Consider the term “niyam” (नियम), which refers to limited freedom owing to regulations.

Examples in Sentences

  • During British control in India, the people experienced paradhi. (The British reign in India was an era of dependency for the people.)
  • The imprisoned bird wished to escape its gulami (गुलामी). (The imprisoned bird desired to be free of its enslavement.)
  • The severe curfew placed a bandhan (बंधन) on people’s movements. (The severe curfew limited people’s movements.)


Understanding the antonyms for “swatantra” allows you to communicate distinct concepts about freedom and its restrictions. Incorporating these terms into your repertoire will improve the clarity and nuance of your Hindi conversation.

  1. Are there antonyms for other key words? Yes, Hindi has antonyms for the majority of frequent nouns.
  2. How can I increase my Hindi vocabulary? Read, watch Hindi media, and practice saying new terms in conversation.
  3. Is there an internet resource for Hindi antonyms? Yes, many online dictionaries and language study programs provide lists of antonyms.
  4. Is remembering antonyms necessary? Rather than rote memorization, focus on comprehending and applying the concepts in context.
  5. How can antonyms improve my writing? Antonyms offer diversity and accuracy to your writing, increasing its impact.

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