Biocentrism Debunked: Why the Theory of Life-Centered Universe Is Flawed

The controversial idea known as biocentrism maintains that time and space are products of human experience and that life and awareness are the essential elements of the cosmos. Scientist and philosopher Robert Lanza put forth the hypothesis, contending that biology—rather than physics—is the fundamental science of the cosmos. Nonetheless, a large number of specialists have refuted and severely attacked biocentrism, pointing out the theory’s logical flaws, scientific mistakes, and philosophical issues. The primary defenses and criticisms of biocentrism will be discussed in this blog article, along with the reasons why the theory is neither tenable nor trustworthy.

What Is Biocentrism?

The traditional understanding of the cosmos as a physical object that exists apart from human perception is called biocentrism. Biocentrism holds that the cosmos is a mental construct that is molded by our experience and awareness rather than a concrete reality. To put it another way, unless we see it, the cosmos does not exist.

The theory of biocentrism is based on two main principles:

  • The First Principle of biocentrism states that our awareness plays a role in the process of creating what we take to be reality. If there were an external world, it would have no properties at all since our minds generate them.
  • The interdependence of our internal and external perceptions is the second principle of biocentrism. They are inseparable because they are two sides of the same coin

The observer effect and the uncertainty principle are two more quantum physics concepts that biocentrism uses to bolster its arguments. According to the observer effect, the act of seeing influences an experiment’s result, suggesting that reality depends on the observer. The uncertainty principle asserts that some pairings of physical quantities, like momentum and location, cannot be precisely measured at the same time, suggesting that reality is probabilistic and indeterminate.

biocentrism debunked

What Are the Arguments for Biocentrism?

Proponents of biocentrism claim that the theory offers a better explanation for some of the mysteries and paradoxes of the universe, such as:

  • The Fine-Tuning Problem: This is the observation that the laws and physical constants of the cosmos are exactly tuned to support the existence of life. Life on Earth would not be conceivable, for instance, if the gravitational constant or the speed of light were slightly different. According to the theory of biocentrism, life produces the cosmos, not the other way around, which explains this seeming coincidence. Consequently, because life fine-tunes the cosmos, the universe is tuned for life.
  • The Principle of Anthropomorphism: The anthropic principle is a philosophical claim that, for humans to be here to view the cosmos, it must be compatible with the presence of intelligent observers. While acknowledging this point, biocentrism goes a step further and asserts that the presence of sentient beings is both necessary and compatible with the cosmos. Consequently, because humans are anthropic, the cosmos is also anthropic.
  • Consciousness’s Difficult Problem: A philosophical conundrum known as the “hard problem of consciousness” concerns how subjective experiences like feelings, ideas, and sensations may originate from actual physical processes in the brain. According to biocentrism, awareness is an inherent feature of the cosmos rather than a brain-derived phenomenon, making this dilemma irreversible. Thus, awareness is a given rather than a difficult issue.

What Are the Arguments against Biocentrism?

Critics of biocentrism argue that the theory is flawed and implausible, for several reasons, such as:

  • Lack of Empirical Evidence: The absence of testable predictions and empirical evidence is a major critique leveled toward biocentrism. In contrast to other scientific ideas, biocentrism offers no tests or evidence that can be independently verified or refuted to back up its assertions. Rather, it is predicated on theoretical and philosophical arguments that lack empirical support.
  • Dispute with Current Physics: The fact that biocentrism defies accepted physics rules and principles is another critique leveled against it. For instance, physics shows that the cosmos has a distinct and quantifiable structure and behavior, while biocentrism rejects the notion of an objective and independent reality. Additionally, to further its goals, biocentrism misapplies and misinterprets quantum physics ideas like the uncertainty principle and the observer effect. The idea that quantum phenomena only apply at the microscopic level and have no bearing on the larger world that humans see and experience is a flaw in biocentrism. 
  • Philosophical Problems: A third criticism of biocentrism is that it raises several philosophical problems and questions, such as:
  • What is awareness, and what is its nature? While it offers no explanation for what consciousness is, how it functions, or how to quantify or detect it, biocentrism makes the assumption that awareness is a basic and universal feature of the cosmos.
  • How is the cosmos created by consciousness? Although biocentrism claims that awareness is the creator of the cosmos, it does not explain how this happens or what the governing laws and procedures are.
  • How are several witnesses able to concur on the same reality? While biocentrism suggests that reality is subjective and specific to each observer, it does not address how various observers might communicate and share the same reality. ow, they can resolve any conflicts or discrepancies that may arise.

What Are the Alternatives to Biocentrism?

Although biocentrism might have a captivating appearance, it is not the exclusive or optimal approach to comprehending the cosmos and our role within it. Numerous alternative scientific and philosophical ideas, including the following, provide a more thorough and reliable understanding of reality:

  • The idea that everything is physical and that all events can be explained by the rules and processes of the physical world is known as physicalism. Physicalism offers a naturalistic and logical explanation of the universe’s beginnings, development, and structure that is consistent with contemporary physics.
  • The idea that the physical and mental domains include two separate categories of entities or attributes is known as dualism. To explain the link and interactions between the objective and subjective components of reality, dualism admits their existence.
  • Panpsychism is the belief that everything in the universe possesses awareness or thought, albeit in varying degrees. Panpsychism proposes that reality is endowed with an innate and ubiquitous mental dimension, rather than rejecting the existence of an objective, independent reality. 


According to the contentious theory of biocentrism, time and space are products of human perception, but life and awareness are the essential components of the cosmos. Robert Lanza, who maintained that biology, not physics, is the fundamental science of the cosmos, put forth the notion. However, some specialists have thoroughly disproved and attacked biocentrism, pointing out the theory’s logical faults, scientific mistakes, and philosophical issues. Biocentrism poses several philosophical conundrums, is devoid of scientific support and verifiable hypotheses, and conflicts with contemporary physics. Several other theories provide a deeper comprehension of the cosmos and our role in it, and biocentrism is neither believable nor reasonable.


  • Is biocentrism regarded as a reliable scientific hypothesis?
  • The scientific community does not generally embrace biocentrism as a legitimate explanation for the nature of reality since it is a theoretical hypothesis devoid of empirical support.
  • Which major objections to biocentrism exist?
  • The arguments made against biocentrism include its lack of testable predictions, reliance on erroneous interpretations of quantum physics, and failure to present actual data to back up its assertions.
  • Are there any real-world uses for biocentrism?
  • Because biocentrism’s claims are not supported by scientific data, its practical applicability is restricted, even though it may stimulate philosophical debates and meditations on consciousness.
  • Is awareness able to exist apart from living things?
  • Although biocentrism holds that consciousness is a basic aspect of the cosmos, there is no empirical evidence to support the theoretical notion that consciousness exists apart from biological beings.
  • What counterarguments exist to the biocentrism theory?
  • Physicalism and panpsychism are two alternative views of biocentrism. According to panpsychism, consciousness is a fundamental aspect of the cosmos that is present in everything, in contrast to physicalism’s claim that physical processes can explain everything.


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